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Immediate action to Treat Stroke

Monday, October 15, 2012 | 2:45 PM




PANIC and do not know what to do. That reaction if any of your family members suddenly a stroke or stroke. Loved ones are now not able to move or care for herself.

Thus, emotional support and assistance from family, friends and health workers is very important because it can help the process of recovery in stroke patients.

In addition, the right skills can help stroke patients recover and feel more comfortable.

However, not all people are aware of and know how as many assume irreversible stroke patients.

According to the Medical Officer Long-Term Care Hospital Columbia Asia, Dr. Zaireen Ahmad Zamri, stroke can be restored according to the severity of the disease.

"If you have a stroke, does not mean the end of one's life. Strokes can be cured even if half of the brain is damaged," he said.

Indeed, he said, a stroke can change one's life for a lifetime.

"If before they can be independent, but when by a stroke, they may suffer from paralysis, which causes them to rely on a healthy," he said.

Therefore, he advised the public not to take for granted for the disease.

What is a stroke? Dr.. Zaireen told, stroke known as a "brain attack" because they occur when blood flow to the brain is interrupted.

"It happened suddenly without any warning until the person is paralyzed side of the body either on the right or left. Yet, not all types of stroke causes paralysis due to nerve interference occur far from the part of the brain that control movement," he said.

He added that there are two types of stroke, ischemic stroke (blood vessel blockage) and hemorrhagic stroke (ruptured blood vessels).

Describes an ischemic stroke, it occurs when blood clots block the arteries of the blood supply to the brain.

Usually ischemic stroke is the result of the accumulation of cholesterol and other debris in the arteries since many years.

The type of stroke may be caused by cerebral thrombosis, when a blood clot (tombus) formed in the main artery leading to the brain, thus preventing the blood supply.

Cerebral embolism happens when a blood clot formed in the blood vessels elsewhere in the body, such as in the neck or the heart and travels in the bloodstream to the brain.

Meanwhile, hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain or around rupture and cause bleeding.

High blood pressure is left untreated long and give pressure on the artery walls, causing the increased risk of arterial rupture and subsequent bleeding.

Hemorrhagic stroke caused by intracerebral hemorrhage possibility, which is when a blood vessel bursts in the brain.

"In this case, most ischemic strokes can be prevented and treated effectively to minimize damage to the brain.

"The problem that arises in the case of prevention is often confused patients early signs of other diseases such as stroke and heart disease," he said.

For example, the chest pain will immediately seek medical treatment because they are concerned they might be having a heart attack. However, many are suffering from symptoms of a stroke, such as weakness on one side of the body or speech that is not clear, just take the attitude of 'wait and see' and not seek medical attention immediately.

"To make matters worse, there are family members who thought it was not but occur as a result of stroke or magic act of injustice," he said.

Thus stroke signs Dr. Zaireen reminding people need to know the early warning signs of stroke regardless of age because of a stroke can affect younger.

Among the early signs of weakness or sudden numbness on one side of the body.

"Most notably we see patients difficulty speaking or understanding speech, or slurred speech," he said.

When the slow action is taken, many people lost a lot of time to get emergency treatment that can make a real difference in stroke rehabilitation.

How stroke is diagnosed and treated? Dr.. Zaireen explain, the doctor will perform a clinical diagnosis by means of the patient's medical history followed by a physical examination.

After that the doctor will perform appropriate tests are needed to treat patients effectively. Imaging using computerized tomography scan (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to help doctors treat patients.

"Each patient may have a different impact of stroke.'s Because of disability from stroke depends on how badly damaged the brain and in the brain where the stroke occurred," he said.

According to Dr. Zaireen, people should control the major factors that can contribute to a stroke of diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol and smoking.

In addition to medical treatment, patients can also undergo treatment as did the Columbia Hospital.

"We have a patient who was diagnosed with a stroke and asked to perform a follow-up here. Patients can be cured with the availability of physiotherapy and special care in the long run in terms of diet and lifestyle," he said.

Asked the extent to which the importance of doing prompt recovery of stroke victims, he insists it is very important because every victim must seek rehabilitation treatment as soon as possible.

This is because the faster the recovery therapy started, the faster the brain relearn normal movement and delay would complicate the recovery process.

"Rehabilitation therapy includes physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy and counseling. Here we also sought the cooperation of the patient's family how to help patients maintain a healthy lifestyle.

"Some physical activities, healthy food intake, not smoking and always do a blood pressure check," he said.

He added, a stroke may be attacked for the second time. It is therefore important to make regular medical checkups so that blood pressure, cholesterol levels and body weight can be monitored.
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